Self-Care Behaviors

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Low health literacy and numeracy are common and are associated with poor health outcomes across chronic disease states. In diabetes, health literacy and numeracy are related to diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, self-care behaviors, and glucose control. Health literacy and numeracy are important to diabetes self-care behaviors, which include glucose monitoring, healthy eating, and taking medication.
Eating healthy and being healthy is a lifelong process, and weight loss and weight maintenance are crucial aspects of this process. People require different skill sets and behaviors for weight loss and weight maintenance. Losing weight is an important first step, which is then followed by more a permanent way of living so the weight stays off. Hope Warshaw, MMSc, RD, CDCES, BC-ADM FADCES discusses principles of both weight loss and weight maintenance.
Patient engagement is a critical component to the success of digital health solutions because these solutions are designed to facilitate behavioral changes, and behavior change requires a high degree of engagement. Amy Bucher, PhD, shares her behavior change expertise specific to digital health interventions
People with diabetes use social media to meet and interact with a community of people with similar experiences, to share information, and to provide and receive support. People now have an insatiable appetite for information as they make daily choices in managing their diabetes. Kerri Sparling speaks about social media use among people with diabetes.
Jen Nash, CPsychol, AFBPsS, ClinPsyD, BSc discusses the psychological aspect of people who are struggling to implement weight loss advice. Dr. Nash will review skills that address the emotional and motivational barriers to implementing weight loss education, and participants will be equipped with strategies to approach weight change conversations.
The majority of adults engage with learning experiences to create change in their skills, behavior, knowledge or attitudes. When providing diabetes education, it is important to acknowledge what people with diabetes bring to a learning situation such as hopes and fears, motivations, and questions. By combining adult learning principles and skill-building strategies, healthcare professionals can more successfully help people with diabetes identify and address their needs and successfully manage their health.